Situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cusco or Qosqo – The navel of the world – was the capital of the vast Inca Empire some nine hundred years ago. It was developed during its summit under the Inca ruler Pachacútec, into a complex urban center with distinct religious and administrative functions. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city.
Declared by UNESCO as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity, the entire area is covered by archaeological remains, which makes of this city, an amazing amalgam of the Inca capital and the colonial city. Here we can findwalls of meticulously cut granite, rectilinear streets running within the walls, ruins of the Sun Temple, once covered with sculptures of precious metals and as remains of the colonial city: freshly whitewashed squat houses, Palaces and the marvelous Baroque churches which achieved the impossible fusion of the Plateresco, Mudejar or Churrigueresco styles.
Experience the former Inca Capital and heart of the Spanish colonial past. It is undoubtedly one of the most interesting centers in South America.