Nazca is a city and a system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru, it is also the name applied to the Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 300 and 800 years BC. They were responsible for the Nazca Lines and the ceremonial city of Cahuachi; they also constructed an impressive system of underground aqueducts to water their crops. The remains of these have been preserved and are still in use.
However, undoubtedly the most outstanding point about this place is the 32 gigantic and mysterious line drawings marked out on the desert plains, The Nazca Lines, discovered in 1,939 by the American archaeologist, Paul Kosok. Nazca is one of the most desirable places for researchers and tourists due to all the history and mystery found in the zone.